Highlands APA-119 - History

Highlands APA-119 - History


A county in Florida.

(APA-119: dp. 6,873; 1. 455'; b. 62'; dr. 24'; s. 17 k.;
cpl. 536; a. 1 5"' 12 40mm.; cl. Haskell; T. VC2-S-AP5)

Highlands (APA-119), a "Liberty ship" transport, was launched 8 July 1944 under Maritime Commission contract by California Shipbuilding Co., Wilmington, Calif. sponsored by Mrs. G. W. D. Dashiell, acquired by the Navy and commissioned 5 October 1944, Captain G. Lyon commanding.

The navy transport conducted shakedown training out of San Pedro until 30 October. Following a rigorous period of drills, which would serve her well in the months to come, Highlands sailed to San Francisco to embark her troops, and got underway 23 November for Hawaii.

Arriving Pearl Harbor 29 November, the ship again turned to amphibious training, in preparation for the epochal Iwo Jima landings, one of the most important steps in the Navys island campaign that drove relentlessly toward Japan. Highlands sailed with her task group 27 January 1945 via Eniwetok for Saipan, where she arrived 11 February. Five days later she sailed for Iwo Jima and commenced unloading on the beaches the morning of 19 February. For the next 6 days the transport unloaded troops and supplies during the day and retired under escort cover each night. Japanese air attacks were heavy during this period, claiming escort carrier Bismarck Sea in a kamikaze attack 21 February and damaging several other ships, including Saratoga. In addition to her regular duties, Highlands received over 150 survivors of Bismarck~ Sea 22 February, as well as casualties from the hard-pressed Marine units ashore.

Highlands departed Iwo Jima 25 February and after debarking casualties at Saipan proceeded to Espiritu Santo, arriving 15 March 1945. There she took on fresh troops for the next major assault of the Pacific War, the invasion of Okinawa, called by Winston Churchill ". among the most intense and famous of military history." Highlands did not take part in the initial landings, arriving in the Ryukyus 3 April. The transport remained at Kerama Retto until 11 April, when she took part in the early morning assault on Tsugen Jima, a small but key island controlling the approaches to the large bay on Okinawa's east side. As Marines Carried control of the island, Highlands took casualties on board, and moved directly off Hagushi beaches 12 April to disembark reserve troops. During the 3 days that followed antiaircraft fire and smoke screens helped protect the transport from almost continuous air attack, and after completing her mission Highlands sailed for Saipan 16 April.

Arriving Saipan 20 April Highlands unloaded casualties and proceeded the next day to Ulithi. She departed 22 May for Guam and then Leyte, arriving in Leyte Gulf 31 May. The transport now busily prepared for the expected amphibious landings on the Japanese mainland, operations which were terminated by the surrender 15 August 1945. Highlands had been operating off Panay Island when the surrender came; she sailed 21 August to load occupation troops on Luzon. Highlands and other transports of her group entered Tokyo Bay the day of the formal ceremony, 2 September, and landed the 1st Cavalry Division on Japanese soil.

Highlands returned to the Philippine Islands and Okinawa for more occupation troops in September and after the clearing of mines from Japan's inland sea landed troops at Kure 6 October. The veteran ship sailed 11 October for Okinawa and San Diego carrying returnees, arriving in the United States 2 November. She made an additional voyage to Japanese ports 17 November-26 December, returning to San Francisco, and departed 11 January 1946 for the Panama Canal and Norfolk. Highlands arrived Hampton Roads 26 January, decommissioned 14 February and was placed in the Maritime Commission's National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, where she remains.

Highlands received two battle stars for World War II service.

Sebring, Florida

Founded 1912 in old Desoto County by George E. Sebring and his son, H. Orvel Sebring, of Ohio. That year saw the first railroad and early citrus plantings. In 1921 Highlands County was formed with Sebring as County Seat. The founders devoted their lives and resources to building a friendly community under religious influences. This tablet is dedicated to them and those pioneers whose vision, work and courage helped create this lovely city.
Donated by Lakeview Memorial Gardens

Erected by Lakeview Memorial Gardens.

Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture &bull Railroads & Streetcars &bull Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1912.

Location. 27° 29.747′ N, 81° 26.473′ W. Marker is in Sebring, Florida, in Highlands County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of West Center Avenue and Circle Park Drive when traveling east. Marker is located in Circle Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sebring FL 33870, United States of America. Touch for directions.

Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sadie Kahn Memorial Park (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line) The U.S.S. Highlands (APA 119) (approx. 0.3 miles away) Dedicated to the Memory of Emil Billitz Sr.

(approx. 5.9 miles away) Hendricks Field Memorial Park (approx. 6.3 miles away).

Also see . . .
1. Sebring History Highlights. Home of the Sebring International Raceway, one of the oldest continuously operating auto race tracks in the United States, and site of the 12 Hours of Sebring Motorsports Endurance Race since 1952. (Submitted on November 25, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)

2. Sebring, Florida History. Known as “The City on the Circle,” Sebring, Florida extends the same warm welcome it has since it was founded by George Sebring. This pioneer conceived a unique circular plan as a focal point for this entire lakeside community. His idea was that all roads should lead to and from the center of the community, and despite many modern highway improvements since, thus it remains today. (Submitted on November 25, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)

Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

I am searching for ship logs for the Marines, 5th Division, of Red Beach landing on Iwo Jima.  My Marine of interest is Walter Lee Robinson.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Rebecca Collier 26.10.2018 7:57 (в ответ на J Enders)

Do you mean you want deck logs of the ship that brought them to Iwo Jima? If so, we need the name of the ship. Or are you seeking the command reports of the 5th Marine Division while they were on Iwo Jima?

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Rebecca Collier 30.10.2018 9:30 (в ответ на J Enders)

Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

Since you have not responded, we are going to assume that you would like to know if the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) has  custody of the 5th Marine Division records during the Battle of Iwo Jima from 19 February to 26 March 1945. We searched the Records of the U.S. Marine Corps (Record Group 127) and located two series that include records of the 5th: Records of Ground Combat Units, Support Units and Other Commands, 1939 - 1950 has War Diaries of the 5th for February and March 1945 (Box 80) and Correspondence of Marine Divisions, 1941 - 1946 has correspondence of the 5th for the entire war (Boxes 32-51). There are additional records throughout RG 127. For access to or copies of these records, please contact RDT2 via email at [email protected] .

We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Rebecca Collier 31.10.2018 14:00 (в ответ на J Enders)

After reviewing the War Diaries of the 5th Division for February 1945, the only ship listed that carried the 5th from Hawaii to Iwo Jima was the USS Cecil ( APA-96). The diary also indicated that several LSTs assisted with the landing but no specific hull numbers were provided. We have deck logs of the USS Cecil if your veteran is interested in ordering them.

We hope this information is helpful.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

What are the procedures for ordering the deck logs of the USS Cecil, APA-96?

It is unfortunate that it was the only ship recorded.  There had to be more based on the gigantic number of Marines, 70,000, of the 5th who fought on Iwo.  If I understand correctly the division trained at Camp Tarawa in Hawaii just before leaving for Iwo.  Cecil accommodated about 1450 enlisted men according to its stats:

        Troop AccommodationsOfficers 79Enlisted 1,423

From Unit History Details: 

Parts of the division began to deploy overseas to act as the reserve force during the Battle of Guam where they were not needed. Because of this they were sent to Camp Tarawa near Hilo, Hawaii for further training. After more extensive training the division loaded ships and left Hawaii in January 1945. By mid-February they were sailing past Saipan headed for Iwo Jima.

A film director, Leonardo Flores, has compiled a listing of ships in his blog I'm just starting to examine it.

This is my work in progress list of ship that participated in the Battle of Iwo Jima (Feb-March 1945). Over 600 ships participated in the invasion force and I could not find a master list of ships who took part in the invasion.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Rebecca Collier 01.11.2018 8:55 (в ответ на J Enders)

Thank you for posting your follow-up request on History Hub!

For access to and copies of the deck logs of the USS Cecil (APA-96), please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at [email protected] .

Do you have access to Mr. Robinson’s Official Military Personnel File? The specific unit of the 5th Marine Division that he was assigned to should be listed in his file. The unit’s muster rolls for February 1945 may indicate what ship he was on as the Marines traveled from Hawaii to Iwo Jima. Please provide us with that information so we may assist you further.

We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

Yes, Lee has given me his information before, and while, in the 5th Division of the Marine Corps.

  1. 1943 1st Marine Corps Parachute Regiment 2nd Par. Battalion, Company G, trained at Gillispie and Elliott in SDiego
  2. 1944  5th Division, 27th Regiment, 2nd Battalion, Company D, 2nd Platoon, Squad 3. 

He was in the first wave, landing on Red Beach on D-Day, 9 AM, at Iwo. After Iwo he was promoted to Corporal and received the Medal of Honor. After Iwo they traveled to Camp Tarawa in HA for training to invade Japan. Of course the bombs were dropped instead, and he finally went to Japan as part of the occupational forces in Sesabo, Kyushu. He is still with us, 94 years old, and it is wonderful to talk with him.

Thanks for your help.  I haven't been able to respond on the HH blog earlier due to some computer gremlins.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Rebecca Collier 14.11.2018 15:09 (в ответ на J Enders)

Thank you for posting your follow-up requests on History Hub!

We searched the Marine Corps Muster Rolls, 1/1941 - 12/1945 (Roll 0794, Frame 395) and it indicated that PFC Walter L. Robinson and 2nd Battalion, 27th Regiment, 5th Marine Division sailed on the USS Highland (APA-119) from Hawaii on 17 January 1945 and disembarked on 19 February 1945 at Iwo Jima. We also searched the Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships and Stations, 1941 - 1983 for deck logs of the USS Highland for 17 January 1945 that listed Robinson as being on the ship and the deck log for 19 February 1945 indicated that the Marines began disembarking at 0710 for Red Beach. Other ships nearby were also listed.

The muster rolls are available via . For access to and copies of the deck logs, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at [email protected] .

We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

Access to the NARA files needs to be in person, for instance, at the Seattle Archives?

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?
Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

This might help you in your quest

I am attaching the ship loading schedule of the for Troop

These come from the Operational Plans

I am not an expert on Marine Corp Unit organization, but they
are listed for each of the transport ships.

If you know the Marine Unit, you can find the transport ship

You can then request the deck logs of that ship for the specific

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

Robinson was on the APA 119 Highlands, 2nd Battalion, 27th Reg, landing at D2, which I thought was interesting for a few reasons.  1.  He claims that he was on Red Beach in the first wave attack, which still appears to be the case. 2. The first wave was to have been at 9:00 AM, but it looks like, from the table on 264 that the first wave was delayed 2 hours.  Perhaps I am not interpreting it correctly? 

Now to find out the LCVP# he rode to Iwo.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

I have attached the War Dairy page that includes the day of the Invasion. It appears that they dispatched landing craft for 2 waves from this ship, neither was in the 1st wave. So waves 6 and 16, which make sense since the landing craft had to make the round trip to the beach, disembark the Marines, return to the transport and reload for their second mission. I don't know if the Marines kept records of who was dispatched on which LCVP. That would have been a complicated situation conditioned of the correct LCVP showing up at the right time and cargo net as they went over the side.

There is a  photo of Iwo on the day of the landings showing the landing waves heading to the beaches. If you have it you will notice that there is not much separation between the landing waves, which may be the reason for some of the confusion by those who were there of what wave that they were actually part.

I believe that the D+ columns on the sheet might relate to the cargo being dispatched on Day 1 Day 2 Day 3, etc. to support ground operations.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

Thank you so much!  And your analysis of the confusion is well taken.  Lee told me, and it is recorded in his life story, that it was sheer chaos. From a report I read, the Navy complained about the lack of order with all the vessels and equipment movements.  Lee includes a photograph in his story of the beach litter of machinery,  Chaos.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

There are 6 waves in the photo

Notice that they are not precisely spaced, but still organized.

If you will see in the picture, right hand side, that there are 3 small ships in front of the 1st wave that appear stationary.

These are LCI Gunboats and LCS(L)(3) that are providing covering fire to the approaching LCVP's

My Association represents the men on the LCI Gunboats

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

Those gunboats. What can you say?  So many losses on them.  What Association is that?

I see what you mean about the waves.  All of them could feel that they were in the first wave.  I do know that my marine was on his way off the Highlands ship around 8:30 am.

Re: Do ship logs exist for the Marines of Iwo Jima?

That is great shot of the a LCI Gunboat during a pre-landing bombardment. If you look on the shoreline it appears that a salvo of 4.5 inch rockets from another ship has just landed. After the disaster during the landings at Tarawa the Navy decided that it needed close inshore fire support the continued right up to the actual landings. They modified some Landing Craft, Infantry with 40MM guns that could provide continuous fire on the beach and targets of "opportunity" up to the landings. They would then proceed to the flanks and provide called in fire support. Later they were armed with the 4.5 inch rockets. A single LCI(G) or LCI(R) could place up to 500 rockets in a designated target area.

The LCI Gunboats also covered that pre-invasion beach recon that was done by the Navy UDT "Frogman" to eliminate mines and underwater obstructions. On D-2, Feb 17 1945 a Flotilla of LCI Gunboats became engaged in a duel with the Japanese shore batteries and mortar positions. These ship were no match for the large caliber  weapons that they were confronted, and ended up with tremendous casualties both in men and ships.

Our group is the US Navy Landing Craft Infantry Association which is comprised of Veterans of the LCI's and their family members. We strive to preserve their contributions to victory in WWII.

Highlands APA-119 - History

Photos from C. E. Voegeli, CAPT, Commanding Officer (on LA '46-'47)

CAPT Voegeli, USS LA Commanding Officer
(Photo is full size)

CAPT Voegeli in later years
(Photo is full size)

Photo of USS Los Angeles returning from the China Cruise

Click to enlarge (2000 x 1459 pixels)

Biographical Information

US Naval Academy, graduating with Class of 1922.

USS Reina Mercedes IX-25
(Naval Academy station ship)

Won Crescent Cup (awarded to the high-scoring competitor from the U.S. Navy in the President's Match.)

US Navy Yard, Washington, D.C.

USS Arizona BB-39 (Long Beach, CA)

Bureau of Ordnance, Navy Dept, Washington, D.C.

Staff Commander, Destroyer Squadron 4, USS Borie DD-215, Gun

Squad Gun, Staff Commander, Destroyer Squadron 4, Battle Force, USS Borie

Squad Gun, Staff Commander, Destroyer Squadron 4, USS Borie, Gun

Squad Gun, Staff Commander, Destroyer Squadron 12, USS Borie, Gun

Naval Inspector, Ordnance, Ford Instrument Co, Long Island, NY
(working with Industry to develop gun sights for naval guns)

Highlands APA-119 - History

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HOG participates in many multidisciplinary groups to ensure optimal patient care.

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Knowledge is power. Learn more about specific cancers here.

Highlands APA-119 - History

By: Kevin J. Shutt - Staff writer
Friday 26 October, 2007

SEBRING - Howard Bombard pauses often while telling of his experiences at Iwo Jima as a USS Highlands crewman.

He was only 24 years old in 1945 when the United States attacked the strategic Japanese stronghold, but the significance of the flag raising on Mt. Suribachi wasn't lost on Bombard.

He didn't have the luxury of sentiment then that he enjoys now.

"It really had an affect on me because we knew we were making progress, but we weren't," Bombard said.

Though he suffers from macular degeneration, the years have been kind to 86-year-old Bombard, who was a barber before, during and after the war.

He recalls events almost to the H-Hour, describing how he marched himself to the Navy recruiter's office the day "the Japs" bombed Pearl Harbor.

He worked in a Navy communications center before seeking a transfer to the Ship's Serviceman rating, which put him aboard the Highlands for her 1944 christening.

"Tokyo Rose told us where we were going," Bombard said of the Japanese propaganda radio broadcast from which the crew learned their destination after departing Hawaii, where they had conducted beach landing training with Marines.

Bombard was supposed to share these and other stories, war and whatnot, with his former shipmates at Inn on the Lakes.

But they're a dying and aging breed. Their final reunion was scheduled the week of Oct. 17.

Of the 10 who registered (which included veterans and spouses), a few had died and others became too ill to travel.

The final reunion was canceled.

Bombard and friend Delores Morey came down from Illinois anyway.

"I only attended the first and the last," he said of the reunions that began in 1991 through the efforts of Henry Sampley.

A machinist mate on Highlands County's namesake ship, Sampley volunteered his service Dec. 18, 1941. He was 17 years old.

After the war, he moved to Denver and worked on school busses. Now he lives in California.

"I kept looking in the different magazines for a reunion with the Highlands," Sampley said during a phone interview.

Finding no such listings, Sampley placed an ad and five years later the USS Highlands held its first reunion in San Pedro, Calif.

Just three people attended the first gathering, which included Bombard. The reunions continued each year, the largest drawing about 30 of the former crew and their families.

"The way I found out about it was this newspaper guy in Florida contacted me about having a reunion in Sebring," Sampley said.

He quit attending the reunions several years ago for health reasons, eventually relinquishing reestablished relationships with former shipmates.

Similar stories play out across the country as the Greatest Generation gives way to their Baby Boomers.

On Sunday, Wayne Kemler made his way over from Naples to make the final reunion a two-man event during a late lunch at Chicanes.

Bombard recalled the sinking of two Japanese submarines by a U.S. destroyer. Apparently, the boats had tracked Highlands since her Hawaii departure.

During the battle of Iwo Jima, he said, Highlands would lose all 31 of her Higgins Boats, the landing craft that brought Marines to the fight.

USS Highlands (APA 119), an attack troop transport, would eventually serve as a hospital ship to the Marines wounded on the approximately eight square mile island.

She made an un-escorted transit to Guadalcanal, loaded up with Army soldiers and sailed to Okinawa for the next assault, Bombard said.

After loitering near the Philippines, USS Highlands set anchor in Tokyo Bay, in the general vicinity of the USS Missouri, for Japan's formal surrender.

She helped remove troops from the Philippines before returning to the United States on Nov. 2, 1945.

"When you're on the ship and with the guys for a year, you get close," Bombard said. "You never forget them."

  • Haskell Class Attack Transport:
  • Displacement: 14,800 tons (full load)
  • Length: 455'
  • Beam: 62'
  • Speed: 16.5 knots
  • Armament: 1 5"/38 DP 4x2 40mm 1x4 40mm 10 20mm
  • Complement: 536
  • Troop capacity: approx. 1,600
  • Capacity: 2 LCM(3) 21-22 LCVP 1-2 LCP(L) 1 LCP(R)
  • Engines: Geared turbine, single screw, 8,500 shaft h.p.
  • Maritime Commission VC2-S-AP5 "Victory" type modified to carry fully equipped Army and Marine Units. Vehicles and heavy stores are stowed in the lower holds. Troops are quartered in upper cargo spaces. About 20 landing craft are carried topside.
  • Built at California Shipbuilding Corp., Wilmington, Calif., and commissioned 5 October 1944

Naval Historical Center Photo
The USS Highlands

News-Sun photo by LARRY LEVEY

Although the official reunion of the crew of the USS Highlands had to be cancelled, two members held their own get-together at the Inn on the Lakes in Sebring Oct. 21. Howard Bombard, left, from Illinois, who served as a ship's barber during World War II, and Wayne Kimler, of Naples, a storekeeper and gunner on board the ship named after the county, chatted with each other about their experiences in the Pacific.

Ship's service a surprise to county

SEBRING - When the USS Highlands (APA 119) was launched July 8, 1944, in San Pedro, Calif., her namesake county was oblivious of the attack transport's existence.

After 47 years, the citizens of Highlands County finally found out about the ship, her crew and their World War II role when the News-Sun "broke" the story.

How did the ship get its name?

During the war, attack transports were named after counties, apparently at random. A Navy historian pointed out that this was a time of war and the country needed ships in a hurry.

Publicity wasn't sought, so it wasn't unusual for the honored counties not to know a ship was named after them.

So, maybe it was the luck of the draw, but a World War II ship carried Highlands County into the bloody battles of the Pacific, including Iwo Jima and Okinawa. And, she had a ringside seat at the surrender ceremonies in Tokyo Bay.

Shortly after the USS Highlands story appeared in the paper in 1991, an Avon Park resident saw a notice in a military magazine about a reunion of the ship's crew.

He alerted the News-Sun. The paper called the organizer. And the third reunion, in 1993, was held here, followed by gatherings in 1998, 2004 and almost this year.

The crew members bonded with our county right from the start.

Placed at Highlands County Courthouse in 1993, a USS Highlands memorial plaque moved a sailor to express the emotional release of recognizing a county that, for so long, was just a name on the hull.

Another ranked trips to Sebring second only to attending church as "most important thing(s) in my life," and others consider it "coming home."

"When we first heard about the ship, we were excited," Arlene Commings of the Sebring Historical Society, said. "First, because it presents Highlands County, and no one here knew anything about it. And, it's an important piece of Highlands County history."

Sebring's Historical Society and Military Sea Services Museum have USS Highlands displays.
By Larry Levey

Dedicated to the Memory of Emil Billitz Sr.

Dedicated to the Memory of Emil Billitz Sr. and countless other C.C.C. enrollees who were injured, disabled or lost their lives in performance of their duty. We especially remember the 228 C.C.C. members who perished September 2, 1935 during a hurricane at three camps, Upper Keys, Florida.

Erected 1997 by Henry Billitz and N.A.C.C.C.A.

Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Charity & Public Work &bull Disasters. In addition, it is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) 🏞️ series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 2, 1886.

Location. 27° 28.223′ N, 81° 31.93′ W. Marker is in Sebring, Florida, in Highlands County. Marker can be reached from Hammock Road (County Road 634) 1.1 miles west of County Road 635, on the left when traveling west. The statue and marker are located outside the Florida State CCC Museum in Highlands Hammock State Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5931 Hammock Road, Sebring FL 33875, United States of America. Touch for directions.

Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sebring, Florida (approx. 5.9 miles away) Sadie Kahn Memorial Park (approx. 5.9 miles away) The U.S.S. Highlands (APA 119) (approx. 6 miles

More about this marker. This is Statue Number 4 in the CCC Worker Statue series, currently including at least 61 statues in at least 38 states. The series of statues known as the CCC Worker Statue dot the American landscape in tribute to the men of the CCC.

Also see . . .
1. The CCC Worker Statue series reminds Americans of CCC heritage landmarks.
Statue No. 4 Highlands Hammock State Park, Sebring FL., dedicated August 2, 1997. The fourth CCC worker statue was donated by Henry Billitz in honor of his brother, Emil Billitz who suffered complete paralysis as the result of a truck accident while serving in the CCC. Through hard work and therapy he regained the use of his upper body. The statue is also dedicated to the 2,876 men who lost their lives while working for the CCC between 1933 and 1942. Henry Billitz also donated another CCC Worker Statue at New Jersey School of Conservation, Branchville, NJ. (Submitted on April 2, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)

2. Civilian Conservation Corps - Preserving America's Natural Resources - 1933-1942.
America was in the grip of the Great Depression when Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated in March of 1933. More than twenty-five percent of the population was unemployed, hungry and without hope. The New Deal Programs instituted bold changes in the federal government that energized the economy and created an equilibrium that helped to bolster the needs of citizens (Submitted on April 2, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)

3. 1935 Labor Day hurricane.
The 1935 Labor Day Hurricane was the strongest tropical cyclone of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season, and the most intense hurricane to make landfall in the United States and the Atlantic Basin in recorded history. The second tropical cyclone, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the season, the Labor Day Hurricane was the first of three Category 5 hurricanes at landfall that the United States endured during the 20th Century (the other two being 1969's Hurricane Camille and 1992's Hurricane Andrew). (Submitted on April 2, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)

Ship's Crew

Hugh Moore was born in Chocowinity, North Carolina on July 1, 1921. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy on September 26, 1940 and, after initial training, was ordered to the submarine tender Pelias (AS-14). After shakedown training off New England, the ship was ordered to Pearl Harbor, and was there on December 7, 1941 during the attack during World War II. Ignored by the Japanese for higher priority targets, Pelias‘s guns nonetheless downed one of the attacking torpedo planes and damaged a second. In May 1942, Moore was ordered to the submarine Trout (SS-202) . The submarine was one of a dozen stationed around Midway Island in advance of the expected Japanese attack. Although never engaged with the enemy forces, the submarine managed to retrieve two Japanese aviators from a floating hatch cover and return them to Pearl Harbor. Moore later served in the attack transport Highlands (APA-119). The ship participated in the assaults on Iwo Jima, Leyte, and Okinawa, and arrived in Tokyo Bay on the day the Japanese signed the formal surrender on board USS Missouri. It is not known when he became an officer, but by 1958 Moore was assistant operations officer of the Fleet Training Group in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. From 1960 to 1963, he was on the staff of the Officer Candidate School in Newport, Rhode Island, and later commanded the fleet tug Luiseno (ATF-156) in the Atlantic Fleet. From 1967 to 1968, he was in Vietnam at Chu Lai and Danang.

Aboard USS Constitution

Moore took command of Constitution on March 27, 1969, the first officer of his seniority in command since 1934. Rear Admiral Joseph C. Wyile, Jr., commandant of the First Naval District, felt the change to a commander was necessary to ensure the ship’s welfare, and Washington agreed. During Moore’s tour the U.S. Navy’s Board of Inspection and Survey scoured the ship and determined she needed a $4.2 million restoration. Moore left Constitution on October 30, 1970 while planning for the project was getting underway.

After USS Constitution

Moore served in the navy a short while longer after leaving Constitution, then retired to Rhode Island, where he became a fifth grade mathematics teacher. He died in Middletown, Rhode Island on September 11, 2009. Moore was awarded the Bronze Star with Combat Valor for his service in Vietnam. In addition, he had earned two Presidential Unit Citations, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with 15 battle stars, and a number of other medals and pins.

Highlands APA-119 - History

The Highlands of Elgin has become a premier destination for thousands of golfers throughout the region. Nine new holes reclaim an old stone quarry, and take maximum advantage of the unique and dramatic landforms that were left behind, including a twelve acre quarry lake. Four holes hug the top of the bluff thirty to forty feet above the water providing golfers with incredible views and numerous shot options on each hole. The original nine holes flow over beautiful rolling terrain, creating a diverse collection of holes. The prairie style clubhouse features an expanded golf shop, locker rooms, event rooms and a full scale food and beverage operation. The facility also features a lighted practice facility offering bent grass tees, 20 hitting stations, short game area and a 9,000 sq. ft putting green.

Effective Tuesday, May 18th 2021, masks will no longer be required for fully vaccinated individuals at The Highlands of Elgin. Individuals who have NOT been fully vaccinated will continue to be required to wear a mask while at our golf facilities while indoors. Our vaccinated staff members will not be required to wear a mask, but any staff member that is not vaccinated will continue to be required to wear one indoors. However, any individual who is more comfortable wearing a mask or face covering may continue to do so.

The Scottish Highlands

In earlier times the Highland region was dominated by the Gaels and their Gaelic language and culture while the lowlands were Scottish. The dividing line was everything west from the Great Glen (Inverness to Loch Linnhe and the islands) and roughly 50 miles of land east of the Great Glen. In a way this line still exists and there are still differences between Highland and Lowland culture and language although most Gaelic speakers are nowadays confined to the islands in the west with a Gaelic stronghold in the Outer Hebrides.

Highlands Regions

The Romantic and Mystical Highlands

The Highlands are often portrayed as a romantic part of Scotland. This is not at all strange given the stunning unspoilt nature with rugged mountains, deep blue lochs and empty glens where majestic Red Deer rule the hills and Eagles rule the skies. Due to the ever and fast changing weather the Highlands have a mystical touch. One moment you see the hills, the next they are gone. Sunny spells and dark shadows move over the hills and the white snow capped mountains in winter give the Highlands a sparkling touch. The Highlands, and its castles in particular, are often chosen as wedding venue due to their romantic nature.

The Dark side of the Highlands

There are also darker sides to the history of the Highlands and one of them is the “Highlands of the clans” with their chieftains, the battles, the massacre’s and the bloodsheds, portrayed in history books and later turned into movies we all know such as William Wallace and Rob Roy McGregor. A good example is the massacre of Glen Coe in 1692 when the Scottish Captain Robert Campbell and his soldiers enjoyed the hospitality of the MacDonalds in Glen Coe. After orders received from the Secretary of State for Scotland, John Dalrymple of Stair, the soldiers turned against their hosts in the middle of the night, killing 37 men and more than 40 women and children and destroyed their homes.

Scottish Highlands – Isle of Skye

Highland Clearances

Not long after the clan battles were over and the wars with the English were fought the Highlands became silent, and empty. Landowners found out they could make more money with sheep grazing on the hills and the population, mostly poor crofters with small patches of farmland, had to make way. These Highland Clearances as they were called, were sometimes performed with great force and resulted in mass evictions as well as mass emigrations. The people were sometimes literally driven towards the sea where they built small settlements and lived from fishing, the kelp industry and farming. Later big infrastructural works such as the Caledonian Canal provided some relief. These were hard times and many Highlanders tried their luck elsewhere and migrated to the US, Canada and Australia. Nowadays there are more descendants from the Highlanders living outside Scotland than there are inside. The results of the clearances are still visible today if you drive through the empty Glens in the Highlands and most people still live in villages and towns near the coast. The Highlands remain very scarcely populated.

Typical Highland Cottage

The Caledonian Forest

This type of woodland, which consisted mostly of Scots pine, rowan, birch oak and Juniper, one covered huge areas in Scotland. Climatic changes caused the forest to retreat but fortunately there are quite a few remaining parts of the Caledonian Forest which are not only unique but also home to amazing wildlife such as the Capercaillie. Glen Affric is a good example of this ancient forest, so is Abernethy forest as well as the area south of Loch Maree, the Beinn Eighe Nature Reserve.

Scots Pine Glen Affric

Map of the current Highland Council area

Shires, Counties and Councils

As written above, The Highlands are a region in Scotland but nowadays there is another way in which Scotland is organised and that is by councils. It took hundreds of years to transform the shires to counties and in 1975 the local government counties were abolished and were replaced by regions and districts and islands council areas. The regions and districts were themselves abolished in 1996, in favour of unitary Scottish council areas and one of these councils is Highland council, the largest in Scotland, and covers most of the land area in the Scottish Highlands. Highland council is based on the former counties of Caithness, Sutherland, Easter and Wester Ross, Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey, Isle of Skye and Lochaber. The total population of the Highland council is approx. 210,000 from which a third live in Inverness which is the council’s capitol.

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