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Flashback : Dallas
The old Dallas Morning News building (click for larger image)
(UPDATED Dec. 31, 2019. This continues to be the most popular and most frequently accessed of all Flashback Dallas posts. The online DMN archives — via the Dallas Public Library website — is frequently updated/redesigned. I try to update this page after each potentially confusing update. Scroll down for step-by-step instructions on how to access the DMN archives. I have recently come to realize that these steps might be slightly different for those using Mac computers.)
Yesterday I wrote about how I tracked down the location of a photograph with very little information to go on. I hesitated to include the step-by-step process I used to discover the location, because I was afraid that it would be a little too tediously arcane for most people. But, apparently I was wrong. I’ve been surprised by how popular the post has become. It’s gotten many more hits than most Flashback Dallas posts usually do. I’ve seen it shared all over Facebook, and it’s generated more comments and emails than I expected. It’s gratifying that people seem to be interested in the actual process of historical research. Even though I don’t necessarily consider myself a historian (I studied Art History in college, and my background is in bookselling), I’m happy to be able to share historical events and forgotten local tidbits with an audience that finds them as interesting as I do. I consider myself a writer and researcher, and sometimes all the fun is in the researching.
Since I began this blog in February of 2014, I’ve been asked several times how I access the Dallas Morning News archive. Without question, the DMN is the single most valuable resource in the study of Dallas history. Years ago, one would have had to trudge to a library and crank up a microfilm or microfiche reader. Luckily, we are in the digital age, and every edition of the DMN from 1885 to the end of 1984 has been scanned and digitized and can be viewed from the comfort of one’s own home. (Also available in this database are various Fort Worth newspapers — from The Fort Worth Register to The Fort Worth Star-Telegram — from at least 1897 to 1990, which is, of course, very handy!) You can view the paper page by page, article by article, photo by photo, comic strip by comic strip, ad by ad. It’s incredible. You’ll get lost in it for hours. Want to know what was going on 100 years ago today? Easy! Here’s the front page of the DMN from July 30, 1915:
DMN, July 30, 1915
So how do you do it? First off, you have to live in the city of Dallas — bad news for those of you living outside the city limits, I’m afraid. (UPDATE: THERE IS A WAY FOR NON-RESIDENTS TO ACCESS THE ARCHIVE — FOR A MONTHLY FEE. SEE UPDATE AT BOTTOM OF THIS POST.) For those of us who do live inside the city limits, not only can we access the database whenever we want, but it’s also FREE. All you need is a Dallas Public Library card (information on how to get a free card is here the DPL’s FAQ is here ).
So your first step is to get a library card. Once you have a card, go to the Dallas Public Library site’s “My Account” page, here , to sign up for the free account. You’re now ready to plunge in.
HOW TO ACCESS THE “DALLAS MORNING NEWS ARCHIVES”
- Log in to your Dallas Public Library account.
- Click on “DATABASES.”
- Scroll down, click on “MAGAZINES, NEWSPAPERS & JOURNALS.”
- Scroll down, click on “DALLAS MORNING NEWS ARCHIVE.”
- This gets you to a screen where you can search through DMN archives from 1885 to 1984 (results will show scanned images/articles as they appeared in the newspaper when originally published) as well as DMN archives for articles published after 1984 (these results will be text-only — no images). Wave goodbye to big chunks of time as you sit in front of your computer searching and reading and searching and reading.
ACCESS FORT WORTH PAPERS ONLY:
- Follow the instructions above. When you reach the main search page, click “Fort Worth Star-Telegram” under “SHORTCUTS” in the left column. This brings up archives for both the FWST as well as The Fort Worth Register. Full scans are available for editions published between 1897 and 1990 after that, it’s text-only.
ACCESS THE FULLY SCANNED “HISTORICAL” DALLAS AND FORT WORTH PAPERS SIMULTANEOUSLY:
- Follow the steps above. When you reach the main search page, at the top of the left column, under “Search by” click “COLLECTION,” then click on “America’s Historical Newspapers” — you can now search the fully scanned Dallas Morning News, Fort Worth Register, and Fort Worth Telegram/Star-Telegram, going back to 1885.
ACCESS OTHER TEXAS AND U.S. NEWSPAPERS: To search other (text-only) newspapers (almost none of which go back more than 10 or 15 years), see the options in the left column after having reached the main search page. Consider filters where you can pick several papers to search at once, excluding those that you don’t need. It’s always confusing after a major re-do of a site, so you just have to play around with it until you figure out how everything works. …Then have everything change again when you finally get comfortable with it.
Note: I find it easiest to SET THE “SORT” OPTION TO “CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER” (so that the results are shown from oldest to most recent) — the default is “Best Matches First” which drives me crazy because the first match is rarely the best, and everything is out of order.
Note: The difference between the “historical” and post-1984 Dallas Morning News archives is that the “historical” (1885-1984) search results include images of fully scanned editions of the newspaper — you see everything the way it looked in the actual newspaper: you can see entire pages as well as individual articles, photos, illustrations, comic strips, ads, classifieds, etc. You do not see any of this in the post-1984 results — the information is still useful, but it’s not as interesting and, maddeningly, not as comprehensive. I tend to use one or the other, otherwise, too many non-applicable results are returned.
It takes a good bit of time to figure out how to use the search engine quickly and effectively — it has a lot of weird little idiosyncrasies that can cause you to miss out on lots of things you’re searching for (apostrophes, initials, and numbers can be extremely problematic) — but once you start to wander around, you’ll be amazed at what an incredible treasure trove is at your fingertips.
Thank you, Dallas Public Library and Dallas Morning News!
Sources & Notes
Photo at top: “Lintel and pediment above doorway, Commerce St. entrance,” ca. 1930s, from the Belo Records collection, DeGolyer Library, Central University Libraries, Southern Methodist University photo and details are here .
The best newspaper database for those interested in Texas history is UNT’s Portal to Texas History Texas Digital Newspaper database, here . They have tons of scanned and digitized historical Texas newspapers (excluding The Dallas News), AND it’s free and available to everyone. Below are a few of their offerings of particular interest to Dallasites:
- The Dallas Herald — absolutely ESSENTIAL for Dallas goings-on between 1855 and 1887, here
- The Southern Mercury, the agriculturally-leaning paper published in Dallas, 1888-1907, here
- The Dallas Express — a newspaper printed by and for the city’s African-American community — ALSO essential — sadly, only the years 1919-1924 have been scanned, here
- The Jewish Monitor — published in Fort Worth, serving the DFW (and Texas) Jewish community, 1919-1921, here
- The Texas Jewish Post, 1950-2011, here
Check out all the Texas newspapers UNT has scanned: go to the Advanced Search page and scroll down the “Collections” menu bar to see the full list.
**If you need some research done, I might be able to help. I have access to several resources and am pretty thorough. Let me know what you’re looking for and inquire on hourly rates by clicking the “Contact” tab at the top of the page.**
NEWS AND LIFESTYLE PHOTOGRAPHY
AP Images is the world's largest collection of historical and contemporary photos. AP Images provides instant access to AP's iconic editorial photos of today's breaking news, celebrity portraits by renowned Invision photographers, historical images across all genres, creative rights managed and royalty-free stock photography a microstock subscription or music tracks to round out a story, project or production. AP Images has something for you. AP's Assignment and Publicity Services is ready to assist you with start-to-finish planning, execution and distribution for all of your promotional needs.
Dallas Police Department and Dallas Public Library partner to preserve fallen officer memorial
The heartfelt memorial at DPD Headquarters to the City’s fallen officers will soon be a part of history. The members of the Dallas Police Department are thankful for the citizens of Dallas and fellow law enforcement officers from around the world who came to the Jack Evans Police Headquarters to build the memorial in support of the officers. Words cannot express the abundance of gratitude and love felt throughout the department.
Friday, many of the items were quickly gathered and transported indoors as rain and wet weather came through downtown Dallas. The Dallas Public Library professional librarians and archivists, along with Dallas Police Department employees, collected the expressions of sympathy placed at Dallas Police Headquarters by thousands of grieving citizens from across our city and country. The Dallas Police Department and the City of Dallas will ensure that these sincere and profound messages of sorrow and support for our brave officers are available for others to see in the future.
We will never forget the bravery and sacrifice of our officers on that day. All handwritten messages and non-perishable items will be documented, preserved, and stored in the library’s History and Archives Collection. The memorial will be completely removed on Tuesday, July 19, 2016 at sundown. This overwhelming show of support by the community has helped all of the officers during this difficult time. We ask that you continue to pray for Dallas.
Photo Archive: Dallas Police Department - History
Up to $50,000 Reward for
LBJ Freeway Homicide Suspect
DALLAS, TX - On Thursday, February 11, 2021, at approximately 1:04 pm, officers responded to a shooting call located at Westbound LBJ. Freeway before the S. Polk exit ramp. The victim, Christopher Michael Murzin, a 53-year old White male, was found inside of his vehicle with a gunshot wound. Dallas Fire and Rescue responded and transported the victim to an area hospital where he was pronounced deceased.
According to the witnesses, a small silver SUV may have been involved in the shooting. The investigation is ongoing, and the motive is unknown at this time.
If you have any information about this case, you may report tips using the above link, or call Crime Stoppers at #877-373-8477. Tipsters may remain anonymous and are eligible for a reward of up to $50,000 for information that leads to the arrest and indictment of suspect(s).
This offense is documented on Dallas Police case #025379-2021.
Up to $16,000 Reward for Unsolved
2017 Murder of Roseli Paz-Perez
DALLAS, TX - The cash reward for a tip leading to the arrest and indictment of a suspect in the murder of Roseli Paz-Perez has been increased up to $16,000 , according to the North Texas Crime Stoppers.
On September 12, 2017, at approximately 2:59pm, officers responded to a Robbery call at 9310 Sedgemoor Avenue. Upon arrival, officers observed the victim, Roseli Paz- Perez, Latino female, age 34, deceased from homicidal violence.
The video surveillance camera captured the depicted vehicle fleeing the offense location (Suspect's Vehicle pictured below).
If you have any information about this case, you may report tips using the above link, or call Crime Stoppers at #877-373-8477.
Dallas police squelch critics, questions about sniper attack
The day after five Dallas officers were killed by a sniper, the city&rsquos police chief described the men as "guardians" of democracy, praising them for protecting the freedom to protest at a large demonstration against police brutality.
President Barack Obama later eulogized the slain officers, saying they died while defending essential constitutional rights.
But nearly two months after the shootings, Dallas police have moved to silence critics and squelch lingering questions about the attack. Officers in riot gear have been told to ticket protesters who block or disrupt traffic, and Police Chief David Brown has refused to meet with demonstrators unless they agree to end their marches through downtown, which he says pose a threat to officers.
Authorities have also refused to release even the most basic information about the slayings, including any details about the weapons used, the autopsy findings and ballistics tests that could establish whether any officers were hit by friendly fire. Police have indicated that such information could be withheld almost indefinitely.
In addition, the Police Department&rsquos most vocal, visible critic &mdash a 27-year-old self-styled preacher with a criminal history &mdash has been arrested multiple times in the past month on warrants that include unpaid traffic tickets and attempts to revoke his probation from a 2009 felony. On Friday, Dominique Alexander was ordered to prison.
"Why all of a sudden are we the target?" asked Damon Crenshaw, vice president of the Next Generation Action Network, which organized the July 7 protest. "We&rsquore not protesting because we&rsquore mad at them. We&rsquore protesting because the problems still exist and they won&rsquot talk to us."
Crenshaw said Alexander was targeted because of his protest activities and that the shooter, Micah Johnson, was not affiliated with their group.
Dallas has a history of cracking down on protesters.
During the Occupy Dallas demonstrations in 2011, the city tried to require protesters to have a $1 million insurance policy, strengthened rules against camping in the city and eventually evicted campers from City Hall in a midnight police raid.
In 2013, the city cited a decades-old rule prohibiting holding signs within 75 feet of major roads to stop a group that planned to protest the opening of the George W. Bush Presidential Center. The city settled a lawsuit by that group before changing the law to prohibit protests on overpasses and other areas near highways. Another group sued over that law, leading to another settlement, and the city repealed the rules.
Alexander, the founder of the protest network, believes he was targeted because he refused to stop the demonstrations.
"They try to hush and silence people," he said. "It would be a failure to the lives lost if we don&rsquot continue. The issues still exist, and they can act like they want to heal, but then they ignore the issues."
The police chief has support from City Hall. Mayor Mike Rawlings said in a statement that he trusts Brown&rsquos "judgment in how he communicates with protest organizers."
Alexander, whose record includes convictions for forging a check, evading police and theft, was on probation for a 2009 conviction for causing injury to a child. He said the 2-year-old he was watching fell off a couch, but hospital staffers said the child&rsquos injuries were more consistent with abuse. Alexander denied injuring the child and said he pleaded guilty because he could not afford a good attorney.
His uncle was killed by police in 2010 after firing at officers. But it was the 2014 death of a woman he knew in high school that prompted his involvement in police protests, Alexander said. The woman was missing for a week before being found dead in an abandoned building. Her family complained that police ignored their initial pleas for help.
Alexander spent the past two weeks under house arrest, wearing an ankle monitor and awaiting a judge&rsquos determination of whether his probation would be revoked.
"No new crime has been committed to warrant this kind of action," said Kim Cole, one of his attorneys. "And the timing does appear suspicious."
Just days after a July 29 silent protest &mdash the first after the sniper attack &mdash authorities asked that Alexander&rsquos probation be revoked for a variety of violations, including twice leaving the state without notifying his probation officer, once to attend the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia. Court records show the judge admonished Alexander and added 30 hours of community service to his sentence.
On Aug. 10, after a confrontational appearance at a City Council meeting, Alexander was cited for trespassing and escorted out of City Hall, where officers were waiting to arrest him on nine outstanding traffic warrants. He spent the night in jail. Within an hour of his release, another arrest warrant was issued in a new attempt to revoke probation. That request rehashed allegations from the past year, including missed meetings with his probation officer, for which Alexander had already served 10 days in jail in December.
At Friday&rsquos hearing, the judge considered all of Alexander&rsquos probation violations and sentenced him to prison for two years. With credit for time served, that comes to about six months, his attorneys said.
Prosecutor Douglas Millican denied that politics were behind the efforts to revoke Alexander&rsquos probation. But Cole said Alexander got extra scrutiny because of his protest activities, noting that police and sheriff&rsquos officers had provided the judge with social media posts and other photos and video of Alexander to show he had left the state.
In addition to the protest crackdowns, city and police officials have succeeded in suppressing questions about the shooting, including details about the law enforcement response and the motive of the gunman, who was killed when police deployed a bomb-carrying robot.
Authorities have refused public records requests for police reports, 911 calls, audio and video recordings, autopsy documents, crime scene photos and evidence gathered at Johnson&rsquos house, which police initially said held an arsenal of weapons and bomb-making material and a journal of combat tactics possibly indicating plans for a larger attack. Other officials have told The Associated Press that Johnson did not have a large stockpile of bomb-making materials.
The Associated Press was told by Dallas police late Friday that a portion of the records it requested would be made available, but the content was unclear.
Brown told the City Council this month that much of the information about the attack could be withheld for an indefinite period during an investigation into whether the use of force was justified. He declined to estimate how long that investigation might take.
The police chief did agree to one of the protest network&rsquos top demands, agreeing to eliminate a 2013 policy allowing officers 72 hours to give a statement after being involved in a shooting. The move, announced in a nighttime post to the department&rsquos blog, said officers "will be provided the same legal rights as any other citizen who is the subject of a criminal investigation."
Dallas police: Man killed roommate, then shot neighbor, paramedic
DALLAS (AP) &mdash A 36-year-old man with a criminal history fatally shot his roommate before shooting a neighbor and a responding paramedic during an attack in a Dallas neighborhood that prompted police to barricade the area for hours, investigators said Tuesday.
Derick Lamont Brown was acting erratically at his home before forcing his 67-year-old roommate into a back room and fatally shooting him on Monday, said Randy Blankenbaker, Dallas&rsquos police assistant chief of investigations.
A neighbor heard the gunshots and came outside. Brown, armed with a semi-automatic rifle, shot the neighbor and then opened fire on emergency responders, hitting one of the paramedics, Blankenbaker said. Both the neighbor and paramedic were critically wounded.
Brown fired at responding police officers at they tried to take cover, including one officer who sustained an injury to his calf, possibly from gunfire, the assistant chief said. Blankenbaker said the shooting was initially reported as a possible suicide, which added to some of the confusion as officers arrived.
Brown turned and pointed his rifle as one officer approached, prompting another officer to shoot and injure Brown, Blankenbaker said. Brown then retreated to his home.
Officers carried the injured paramedic into a squad car and rushed him to a hospital. The neighbor, whose name wasn&rsquot released, was also taken to the hospital. Both sustained critical injuries.
"All of these officers&rsquo actions are more than commendable. They should be considered heroic," Blankenbaker said.
The attack prompted police to block access to the area until a police robot searched Brown&rsquos home, where it found Brown and his roommate dead.
The paramedic underwent surgery Monday and was in critical but stable condition at Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings said during a news conference Monday. Rawlings didn&rsquot give details of the paramedic&rsquos injuries, but said "he is going to have to undergo extensive medical treatment to get him back up to par."
The neighbor also was in critical condition at the hospital Monday. Police didn&rsquot provide an update on his condition Tuesday.
Blankenbaker said Brown&rsquos criminal history includes charges of aggravated assault, driving while intoxicated and illegal gun possession. Police said Brown was well-known by law enforcement because of his "excessive arrest history."
Dozens of police vehicles swarmed the mostly residential area after the shooting was reported near a local Fire Training Academy. Several people from a nearby neighborhood and some relatives of people who live in the barricaded area gathered at a nearby gas station to await updates from police.
A 33-year-old woman waiting in the shade of a gas station across the street from a police barricade told The Associated Press that her mother lived in the neighborhood and saw SWAT teams arrive Monday.
Brenda Salazar said she was headed to the area to visit her mother when she heard about the shooting on the radio. She called her mother, who told her she didn&rsquot hear any shooting but "saw the SWAT guys and police setting up and going into the neighborhood."
Salazar said her mother was OK and was watching the news, "but this stuff happens here all the time."
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott released a statement saying his prayers were going out to all those affected.
FBI agents and officers with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives also were in unmarked vehicles waiting at intersections in the neighborhood. Officials from the local fire department and parks department passed out water and Gatorade to officers blocking the roads.
Associated Press writers Jamie Stengle and Terry Wallace contributed to this report from Dallas.
Dallas police officer charged with arranging two killings
DALLAS (AP) — A Dallas police officer was arrested Thursday on two counts of capital murder, more than a year and a half after a man told investigators that he kidnapped and killed two people at the officer’s instruction in 2017, authorities said.
Bryan Riser, a 13-year veteran of the force, was arrested Thursday morning and taken to the Dallas County jail for processing, according to a statement from the police department. Jail records show Riser is held without bond pending an appearance before a judge, but do not list an attorney for him.
Riser was arrested in the unconnected killings of Liza Saenz, 31, and Albert Douglas, 61, after a man came forward in August 2019 and told police he had kidnapped and killed them at Riser’s direction, police Chief Eddie Garcia said during a news conference. He said investigators don’t know the motives for the killings, but that they were not related to Riser’s police work.
Garcia did not explain why Riser was arrested nearly 20 months after the witness came forward, and police declined to answer subsequent questions about the timing. Riser joined the department in 2008, and Garcia acknowledged that he had been patrolling Dallas while under investigation for the killings.
The chief stressed that his homicide division and the FBI were still investigating and said the department was reviewing Riser’s arrests.
Saenz’s body was pulled from the Trinity River in southwest Dallas on March 10, 2017, with several bullet wounds, the chief said. Douglas was reported missing that year and his body hasn’t been found.
Three men were charged with capital murder in the killing of Saenz: Kevin Kidd, Emmanuel Kilpatrick and Jermon Simmons. Kilpatrick is serving life in prison for the killings of a father and son. Kidd and Simmons remain in Dallas County jail on capital murder charges stemming from the killings of Saenz and the father and son. Simmons is also charged in another death.
One of the men charged with Saenz’s killing told police that he and Riser were involved in burglaries when they were young, according to an affidavit for Riser’s arrest. It does not identify the man by name.
More recently, Riser and the man allegedly hatched a plan to rob drug stash houses, but they didn’t follow through with it. Instead, according to the affidavit, the man told investigators that Riser offered to pay him a total of $9,500 to kidnap and kill Douglas and later Saenz.
Both were shot and their bodies were dumped in the river, the court states.
The affidavit states that Riser told the hired killer Saenz was an “informant.” The document does not elaborate, and police declined to answer questions about whether Saenz had some connection to the department.
The murder charges are not the officer’s first alleged crimes. In May 2017, Riser faced a domestic violence charge for allegedly assaulting and injuring an ex-girlfriend. It wasn’t immediately clear how that case was resolved. Police said Riser “received summary discipline for an incident.”
Riser has been put on administrative leave pending the outcome of an internal affairs investigation. Garcia said “we’re going to expedite our process” toward his firing.
“We will not allow anyone to tarnish this badge,” the chief said.
A spokeswoman for the Dallas County district attorney said her office didn’t have information on the case.
Associated Press writers Jamie Stengle in Dallas and Jill Bleed in Little Rock, Arkansas, contributed to this report.
Dallas City Manager to propose more officers, higher pay
On July 7, we experienced one of the greatest tragedies in our City’s history with the loss of five officers and many more injured. Since then, the Dallas Police Department has been working closely with City officials to identify millions of dollars to expand the police force, an increase in pay for officers and additional equipment that ensures the highest level of safety.
A.C. Gonzalez, Dallas City Manager, to propose budget in August 2016.
The City of Dallas is purchasing additional vests, helmets, ballistic panels for vehicles, cameras for helicopters and firearms for our police officers. We are also providing the DPD Fusion Center with additional tools to enhance intelligence gathering. The City and DPD are also exploring less lethal technology capabilities that increase officer safety and limit the use of firearms.
“In combination with challenges the City is facing on a number of fronts, we are re-prioritizing some of our resources to fulfill Dallas Police Chief David Brown’s requests for more officers, higher pay and better equipment,” said City Manager A.C. Gonzalez. “We are also working with elected officials at the local, state and federal levels in addition to private donors who have all expressed a desire to financially support our police department. We are committed to supporting and protecting our officers so that our officers can protect others.”
Protestors have a rally planned for today. The Dallas Police Department will not interfere with the lawful and peaceful assembly of any individuals or groups exercising their first amendment rights. DPD’s response to marches, protests and rallies has changed, but those changes will not be discussed due to security reasons.
“I am proud of how our officers are determined to continue working these events to ensure the safety of all citizens, despite such tremendous loss,” said Chief Brown. “I appreciate the City Manager’s efforts to provide us with additional resources.”
Dallas police killer was loner, followed black militants
MESQUITE, Texas (AP) " The man who killed five Dallas police officers and wounded seven others was described as a loner, an Army veteran who served in Afghanistan and a follower of black militant groups on social media.
Among the Facebook "likes" of 25-year-old Micah Xavier Johnson were the African American Defense League and the New Black Panther Party, which was founded in Dallas. He also was a member of the Facebook group "Black Panther Party Mississippi." A photo on Facebook showed Johnson wearing a dashiki " his raised, clinched fist over the words "Black Power."
Johnson, who was killed by a police remote-controlled bomb early Friday, had learned about the military in the ROTC program at the high school he attended in Mesquite, a blue-collar suburb east of Dallas. During his military service, he was a private first class with a specialty in carpentry and masonry, according to the military. Officials said he served in the Army Reserve for six years starting in 2009 and did one tour in Afghanistan from November 2013 to July 2014.
When authorities searched Johnson's home Friday they found bomb-making materials, ballistic vests, rifles, ammunition, and a personal journal of combat tactics.
Dallas Police Chief David O. Brown said that Johnson, who was black, had told negotiators before he was killed that he was upset with the fatal shootings earlier in the week of black men by police officers in Louisiana and Minnesota.
"The suspect said he was upset with white people and wanted to kill white people, especially white officers," Brown said.
The African American Defense League posted a message Wednesday encouraging violence against police in response to the shooting in Louisiana. "The Pig has shot and killed Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Louisiana! You and I know what we must do and I don't mean marching, making a lot of noise, or attending conventions. We must 'Rally The Troops!' It is time to visit Louisiana and hold a barbeque. The highlight of our occasion will be to sprinkle Pigs Blood! Louisiana Revolutionaries You are being called out! Make ready and we shall come as thieves in the night!" The message was attributed to Dr. Mauricelm-Lei Millere, a leader in the organization.
Leaders of the New Black Panther Party have "long expressed virulently anti-white and anti-Semitic opinions," said the Southern Poverty Law Center. "Its leaders have blamed Jews for the 9/11 terrorist attacks and for the slave trade."
The Dallas Police Department said that Johnson's Facebook account also included information about Richard Griffin, also known as Professor Griff, who "embraces a radical form of Afrocentrism."
On his Facebook page Friday afternoon, Griffin, a member of Public Enemy " an influential hip hop group known for its politically charged lyrics " said he does "not advocate killing Cops."
There were other hints about Johnson's political leanings, according to his Facebook profile. While photos depict Johnson in his camouflage Army uniform, the cover shot on his Facebook page carries the red, black and green Pan-African flag.
Among Johnson's other social media likes were I Love Black Archaeologist, a web series whose main character uses a time machine to visit famous black people Black Love Matters and the Nubian Rootz Cultural Center " groups that focus on the history and accomplishment of African-Americans. The Southern Poverty Law Center said Johnson also "liked" the Nation of Islam and the Black Riders Liberation Party, which it described as "hate groups."
There were certainly other sides to Johnson. He was known by his family and neighbors as an "Army strong" veteran who loved playground basketball.
He was believed to have shared a two-story tan brick home in Mesquite with family members. He graduated from John Horn High School in Mesquite, including membership in ROTC, school district officials said.
Johnson had no criminal history, according to authorities. Local court records show his parents were divorced in 1996.
A relative had left a positive comment on Johnson's Facebook page celebrating his birthday in 2014, calling him "definitely Army strong" and an "entertaining, loving, understanding, not to mention handsome friend, brother (and) son."
At a news conference Friday, Brown said Johnson told negotiators he had acted alone and was unaffiliated with any group. In the midst of the shootings, authorities had said they believed there was more than one shooter.
After Johnson was killed, a relative posted on her Facebook page, "I keep saying its not true. my eyes hurt from crying. Y him. And why was he downtown." She did not respond to Facebook messages.
For several hours Friday morning, police blocked access to the home in Mesquite. Investigators wearing Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives vests carried out several bags of material.
Just before noon, officers reopened the street. No one answered a knock on the door.
Nearby, friend Israel Cooper said Johnson went by "Xavier,' his middle name. Cooper said Johnson had a "cool vibe, wasn't really political and seemed educated.
Cooper said he and Johnson played basketball at a park near the Johnson home. "He would be out there for eight hours. Like it was his job. Just hoopin'," said Cooper.
Cooper said that when he heard the suspect was Johnson, he "was in disbelief because he's just not like a violent or rough dude."
"So I was, 'Nah, it's probably another Xavier somewhere, you know,' " Cooper said. "But then, with pictures on the internet and stuff, I'm like 'OK.' "
Cooper added: "It's the quiet ones that just do the most devastating stuff. You never see it coming. But then it's more expected, like 'I should have known.'"
Weiss reported from Greenville, South Carolina. AP National Security Writer Robert Burns reported from Washington, D.C., Hannah Cushman from Chicago. AP researchers Rhonda Shafner and Randy Herschaft also contributed to this report.
This story has been corrected to reflect the name of the group is Nation of Islam, not National of Islam.